Earlier this year, a German citizen purchased a thin brochure inscribed with the name “Brücke” for €5 at a local flea market. It turns out this was quite a find; the brochure was a catalogue for a 1912 travelling exhibition of the Die Brücke collective.
Die Brücke (“The Bridge”) was a German artists’ group formed in 1905 by four architectural students in Dresden– Ernest Ludwig Kirchner, Fritz Bleyl, Enrich Heckel, and Karl Schmidt-Rottluff. (Later members included Emil Nolde, Max Pechstein, and Otto Mueller.) The group aimed to discover new methods of artistic expression and to “free themselves from the traditional academic style of the time.” Through doing so, they strived to create a bridge between the past and the present (hence the name of the group). The resulting artistic style is what we refer to today as Expressionism, which has the signifying trait of presenting the world “solely from a subjective perspective, distorting it radically for emotional effect in order to evoke moods or ideas.”
In addition to developing their own individual art, Die Brücke had two other major objectives: to establish contact with artists with similar sensibilities and to (more…)